The Types of measures
In the database, you can find urban development projects from the following Types of measures:
- Urban restructuring
- Renewal of existing building stock
- Building up existing residential areas
- Urban expansion
- Development of open space
- Environmentally compatible building
- Mixed use
- Social infrastructure
- Technical infrastructure
- Employment and vocational qualification
- Cooperation and participation
Significance and function in the cities and urban neighbourhoods are in constant change. Re-use and rebuilding are tasks that present themselves differently in the cities and regions. The tasks can reach from reactivating wasteland for high-quality use to a qualitative design of the restructuring processes.
Renewal of existing building stock
Our cities have not been completed, but the main capital of a development oriented towards sustainability is the existing building stock. Urban maintenance and renewal of existing buildings have a successful tradition in our inner cities, in the development of small and medium-sized towns and also in large housing estates.
Building up existing residential areas
Continuous demand for settlement areas for different uses, the striving for compact settlement forms and a city with short distances require that the possibilities of building-spatial agglomeration are made use of. Here, the existing qualities are to be taken into consideration and an agreeable level of density is to be made possible.
Whether the reasons are changed working or life forms or new demand and uses – the settlement area of many cities is expanding. The cities usually grow in connection with existing building areas or available infrastructure. The sustainability of such building measures is especially seen in planning and design that makes economical use of land and reduces traffic.
Development of open space
The quality of life in our cities is predominantly shaped by the quantitative and qualitative offer of undeveloped areas. High-quality public space, socially and ecologically valuable open and green space and also their spatial interlinking are important requirements for a sustainable urban development.
Environmentally compatible building
Sustainable building starts with intelligent planning and covers the ecologically oriented building phase through to the economical use of energy and water. This involves, for example, compact urban planning forms, the use of recyclable, harmless building materials, passive and active use of solar power, use of waste heat, wind power, geothermal energy and industrial water.
Overcoming structures that have separate functions for the benefit of a small-scale mix of living, working, education, care, leisure time and culture is seen as the key for a sustainable urban development and also for a high-quality living and working world. Mixed use in urban development requires a package of diverse measures.
Providing the inhabitants of the urban neighbourhoods with socio-cultural facilities was neglected for a long time. Apart from the classic facilities (schools, kindergartens, urban district and community centres), meeting places with varied offers for special groups (women, youths, elderly people, migrants, unemployed people etc.) are now being created. With this, improved conditions for the community and also improved housing and living quality in the cities and municipalities are created.
The further development of traffic, energy and building services and changed demands considerably influence urban development. The targeted use of sustainable technologies and intelligent services and also experimental measures for energy generation and waste disposal increasingly develop an urban-spatial effect. They can decrease impact of industry and trade and positively influence the mobility and consumption behaviour of the population.
Employment and vocational qualification
The difficult situation on the labour market, deficits in the educational sector and in youth work have contributed to social problems. For several years now, project initiators have been using building and urban development projects with integrated approaches also for employment purposes and the qualification of youths, long-term unemployed people and people receiving supplementary benefits.
Cooperation and participation
The participation of affected institutions and people has become a matter of course in the case of larger building measures. Exemplary building and urban development projects furthermore count on an early inclusion of all involved parties, on an intensive cooperation of the different stakeholders and their active participation in the planning and decision making processes.