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Hamburg-St. Pauli "Park House Pinnasberg"


Integrative and ecological housing with a view of the Elbe

An 11-storey building meeting passive house standards was created in Hamburg as a multicultural housing project for 40 individuals aged from 4 to 90 years. The nature of the construction additionally facilitated the establishment of a district park in the densely populated St. Pauli district.

This project has been put into the archive. The project details will not be updated anymore.


Blick auf das WohngebäudeSource: Robert Schmell, BBSR

In Hamburg (pop. 1,78 million), a neighbourhood action group was established in connection with the Hafenstrasse squatter movement in the St. Pauli district with the aim of improving the quality of life in the residential quarter and counteracting the scarcity of green and open spaces. The council had originally planned to use a vacant plot – the result of a 1970s demolition - for the construction of a self-contained arrangement of 5-storey buildings. As part of the art project “park fiction”, local activists presented alternative plans for the creation of a park aimed at improving the quality of life in the district.

Project description

HausansichtSource: Robert Schmell, BBSR

Lengthy negotiations with the building authority and a “round table” finally resulted in a compromise: a part of the area was to be dedicated to council housing and the new “Antoni-Park” was to be created on the roof of a lowered school sports hall. Some members of the park action group decided to establish an integrative housing project that was intended to exert a stabilizing influence on the environment. In contrast to other projects, many of the residents hadn’t met previously. The founders wished to realize their dream of living with completely diverse people and tried to mobilize interested parties in information events, classified ads and newspaper articles.

The result was the socially and architecturally integrative multicultural housing project “Park House” (Parkhaus) as part of the “Hafenstraße Co-op St. Pauli”. Architecturally integrative here means: threshold-free housing throughout with lift, broad doors, ramps etc. A number of entirely wheelchair-compatible apartments are provided additionally. Socially integrative means that people with little money can also live here with an Elbe view. The residents were required to raise 15% of total building costs independently to finance the publicly subsidized housing project. Anyone unable to pay this co-op share was supported with donations and loans by the charitable association “Neighbourhood Housing” (Kiez Wohnen e. V.).

Blick auf eine Kunststoffpalme und dem Hafen im HintergrundSource: Robert Schmell, BBSR

Under the consultancy provided by alternative redevelopment agency „Stattbau Hamburg“, very diverse apartments were created in close coordination with residents and the architects “Architekturbüro 19” between 2002 and 2003: from 1-room apartments up to shared apartments for five persons. Three of a total of eleven floors are situated in the basement. They house district garages for the neighbourhood with 23 parking spaces. The top floor accommodates the common room, which is encircled by a roof terrace. This is where resident meetings and parties are held, as well as public meetings for the district.

Another unique feature is the fact that the residents decided in favour of a passive house construction. The annual heating energy consumption is less than 15 kWh/m². Very good thermal insulation, a special ventilation system and large south-facing windows ensure that the spaces are heated with the existing heat and require practically no conventional heating. A photovoltaic system in the facade produces additional energy. The Passive House Institute certified the building in November 2003. At the time of writing, the “Park House” is Europe’s largest passive house.

The compact construction facilitated the creation of a small district park, which is being realized in several stages following completion of the architectural engineering and is referred to in the object's name "Parkhaus".

Project chronology

1994Art project “park fiction” organized by the Hamburg Bureau of Cultural Affairs
1994/95The action group “Hafenrandverein” develops the plan for a park
1997Round table with council and resident representatives
3/19981st meeting for parties interested in generation-spanning housing project
from 1999Elaboration of the architectural concept and realization
5/2002The first tenants move in
8/2003Completion of first construction stage “Antoni-Park”


Blick auf den "Park Fiction"Source: Robert Schmell, BBSR

  • Enhancing the quality of life in the residential quarter and supplying green and open areas
  • District-orientation, i. e. targeted amenities for the neighbourhood
  • Housing group project with completely different individuals – multicultural and integrative
  • Threshold-free and ecological architecture

Types of measures

Blick auf die Parkanlage mit Hafen im HintergrundSource: Robert Schmell, BBSR

  • Foundation of a housing and construction co-op
  • Joint elaboration of the architectural concept
  • Passive house architecture (good thermal insulation, special ventilating system, large south-facing windows) and photovoltaic system
  • Diverse apartment types
  • Common room with roof terrace
  • District garage with 23 parking spaces for passenger cars
  • Creation of a small district park

Awarded 2nd prize by the Hamburg action group “Work and Climate Protection”


Parkanlage mit WohngebäudeSource: Robert Schmell, BBSR

Via a cooperative housing group project, architectural and social integration was achieved in a passive house standard multi-storey residential building situated in a very attractive inner city location. By virtue of the compact architecture, a district park could also be created.


  • Reinig, Klaus Joachm (2003): Passivhäuser. Hamburg in der Sonne (Passive Houses. Hamburg in the Sun). In: Stattbau Hamburg: FREIHAUS, issue nr. 10/2003. Hamburg
  • Association „Wohnbund e.V.” (ed.) (2003): Ökologie im Wohnungs- und Siedlungsbau (Ecology in Housing and Estate Development). (Wohnbund Informationen 1/2003). Munich
  • Momsen, Valena (2004): Das Parkhaus-Wohnprojekt. Selbstdarstellung (The Park House Housing Project. Self-Portrayal). n. p.
  • Reinig, Joachim; Otte, Joachim (2003): 11 Geschosse und Bewohnerbeteiligung. Die Erkenntnisse aus einem kooperativen Planungsprozess für ein Passivhaus (11 Floors and Resident Involvement. Findings of a Cooperative Planning Process for a Passive House). Hamburg
  • Dandorfer, Ariane (2002): Autofreies Parkhausprojekt. Das ökologisch gestaltete Parkhaus am Hafen ist Teil eines stadtviertelorientierten Wohnprojektes (Car-Free Park House Project. The Ecologically Designed Park House Near the Harbour is Part of a District-Oriented Housing Project). In: TAZ newspaper dated 8.6.2002

Further information

  • Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg (Hamburg Council), Behörde für Bau und Verkehr (Construction and Transport Authority) (2002): Bau- und Hausgemeinschaften in Hamburg. Neue Lebensqualität für die Stadt (Construction and Housing Cooperatives in Hamburg. New Quality of Life for the City). Hamburg
  • Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg (Hamburg Council), Baubehörde (Building Authority) (ed.) (2001): Leitfaden Baugemeinschaften in Hamburg (Guideline for Construction Cooperatives in Hamburg). Hamburg
  • On the Hamburg action group "Initiative Arbeit und Klimaschutz":

The projekt site ist to be found at postal code: 20359 - town: Hamburg - street: Pinnasberg 27.

Poject site on Google-Maps: Hamburg-St. Pauli "Parkhaus"

Last update: 10.01.2018

Additional Information


  • Association „Parkhaus e.V.“, Pinnasberg 27, 20359 Hamburg St.Pauli, eMail:, contact: Valena Momsen, tel. 040/74041851, email:
  • Architects “Architektenbüro Plan - R - Joachim Reinig, Rolf Sandow“, Helenenstraße 14, 22765 Hamburg, Tel. 040/2412-37, Fax -38, eMail:, Web:
  • Development society „Stattbau Hamburg Stadtentwicklungsgesellschaft mbH“, Tobias Behrens and Reiner Schendel (economic construction cosultancy), Neuer Kamp 25, 20359 Hamburg, tel. 040/432942-0, fax -10, email:, web:
  • Co-op „Genossenschaft Hafenstraße“ (client), via: Stattbau Hamburg GmbH

Record inserted on 01.07.2004 by Lehrstuhl für Planungstheorie und Stadtplanung, RWTH Aachen and updated by theFederal Institute for Research on Building, Urban Affairs and Spatial Development (BBSR) within the Federal Office for Building and Regional Planning (BBR).

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