Leinefelde-Südstadt „Future Workshop“
The urban restructuring in a large housing estate is used to improve housing and free space qualities. The conversion project simultaneously contributes decisively to the transformation of a formerly mono-functional industrial location.
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Source: GRAS, Darmstadt
Leinefelde is situated in the “Eichsfeld” region between Göttingen and Gotha. In the GDR period, the former village had grown into an industrial town. Between 1961 and 1989, the population increased from approximately 2.600 to more than 16.000. Following German reunification, many of the jobs in the local cement and textile industries were cut. The residents emigrated in large numbers and in 1997 the unemployment rate rose to around 20%. By springing into action early, the council nonetheless successfully managed to establish new employers in the area, reduce the unemployment rate to less than 16% (2000) and slow down further emigration. The prefab estate „Leinefelde-Südstadt“ was built between 1960 and 1990. Owing to deficient maintenance, acceptance of the prefab apartments declined and the vacancy rate rose to around 27% (2001). On the positive side, the “Südstadt” district is still provided with a sufficient number of schools and child facilities. But the ground plan design and in particular the free space qualities had been neglected for a long period of time.
Source: W. Prokschi, München
The conversion and upgrade of the large housing estate was based on an outline plan. An urban axis featuring social infrastructure amenities stretches from the modernized “Eichsfeldhalle” building to the southern edge of the estate, improving the district’s connection to the town centre in the process. In some areas, the demolition of buildings (or building sections, respectively) had already resulted in the creation of new open spaces and an enhanced quality of free spaces. Further demolition measures are planned. The residential buildings were converted and modernized in a modular system featuring compatible individual elements. The result are new housing and building types, for example apartments with roof terraces, maisonette apartments and free-standing multi-family buildings, the so-called “town villas”. Overall, a particular emphasis is placed on individualized facades in a high-quality design intended to support resident identification with their own homes and environment. The council was largely responsible for initiating the district restructuring process. The apartment owners and citizens were involved in the overall planning and individual measures from an early stage. The development process is continuously monitored by the council’s administration and politicians. The community engagement leads to intensive citizen information and involvement and hence to a successful planning and realization cooperation.
|2000||Completion (1st construction stage)|
|2000||Part of the “worldwide” EXPO project in Thuringia|
|2002||Urban development concept: urban restructuring|
|2002||2nd prize in urban architecture competition „Sternstadt 2002”|
|2002||1st prize in national competition „Urban restructuring in East Germany“ (Stadtumbau Ost) 2002|
|2003||German Urban Architecture Award (Deutscher Städtebaupreis)|
|2004||Completion: conversion of a prefab row into eight town villas|
Source: W. Prokschi, München
- Transformation of a formerly mono-functional industrial location
- Balance between population number and employment potentials
- Signals for future-oriented perspectives for the town (lighthouse projects)
- District upgrade for jobs, housing and nature
- Employment of excess housing stock for quality-oriented district renewal
- Establishing a connection between the large housing estate and old town
- Adjusting the architectural structure to the character of a small town
Types of measures
Source: J. L. Valentin, Frankfurt/Main
- Design and creation of an urban axis
- Development of a green axis (walking and cycling paths)
- Creation of a Japanese garden
- Demolition, conversion and modernization of buildings
- Expansion of available residential spaces via “green rooms”
- Material recycling for open space design
- Creation of youth and leisure facilities (“Lunapark” sports hall, pool hall “Leinequellen”)
- Establishment of a tenant centre with event hall
Resident involvement and activation – “Citizens’ Information Südstadt”
Assistance provided by the Federal and State Programmes “Urban Restructuring in the East”, Districts with Particular Development Needs – the Social City” and “Urban Planning Development of Large Development Areas” (Stadtumbau Ost, Stadtteile mit besonderem Entwicklungsbedarf - die soziale Stadt and Städtebauliche Weiterentwicklung großer Neubaugebiete).
Source: J. L. Valentin, Frankfurt/Main
The development strategy for the Leinefeld “Südstadt” district is based on focussing and carefully coordinating various measures. The flexible modular sys tem and intensive process design proved particularly helpful. The unavoidable demolition measures were used as an opportunity for future-oriented renewal in a social, housing and urban sense. Various demolition and conversion projects exemplarily demonstrate possible benefits achievable for housing and free space qualities in the wake of an urban restructuring process. The new qualities simultaneously contribute to social and economic stabilization.
- Santifaller, Enrico: Acht Stadtvillen in Leinefelde-Worbis (Eight Town Villas in Leinefelde-Worbis). In: Das Bauzentrum Baukultur magazine 5/2005
- Deutsches Institut für Urbanistik (German Institute for Urban Affairs) (ed.) 2002: Die soziale Stadt: eine erste Bilanz ...(The Social City: a First Assessment)
- ich sehe was, was du nicht siehst (I see something you can’t see), Stadt Leinefelde (Leinefelde Council), 2000 (project description, stock photo)
- Bauwelt magazine 6/01 p.3
- Bauwelt magazine 17/00 p.20-29 (project description, photos 2+3)
- Bund-Länder-Programm "Soziale Stadt" (National and State Programme „Social City“), >> more information
- Urban architecture competition „Städtebau-Wettbewerb Sternstadt 2002“
- Outline plan Südstadt Leinefelde, Gruppe Architektur & Stadtplanung GRAS Darmstadt/Dresden, 1999 (layout plan)
- Roland Kunze: Stadtumbau als Prozess. Deutscher Städtebaupreis 2003 für das Leinefelde (Urban Restructuring as a Process. German Urban Architecture Award for Leinefelde); in: Planerin H. 4/2003, p. 43-45
- Stadt Leinefelde (Leinefelde Council): Stadtentwicklungskonzept. Stadtumbau Ost (Urban Development Concept. Urban Restructuring in the East), Leinefelde 2002
The projekt site ist to be found at postal code: 37327 - town: Leinefelde - street: Bonifatiusplatz 21.
Poject site on Google-Maps: https://goo.gl/maps/WfDSTvwQWWp
Last update: 12.03.2018